Category Archives: Mnemonics

Spontaneous Abortion: definition

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“Spontaneous Abortion” has less than 20 letters [it’s exactly 19 letters].
Spontaneous abortion is defined as delivery or loss of products of conception at less than 20 weeks gestation.

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Teratogenic Drugs

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Teratogenic drugsWTERATOgenic”:
Warfarin
Thalidomide
Epileptic drugs: phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine
Retinoid
ACE inhibitor
Third element: lithium
OCP and other hormones (eg danazol)

 

 Teratogenic drugs: major non-antibiotics

Remember: TAP CAP:

Thalidomide
Androgens
Progestins
Corticosteroids
Aspirin & indomethacin
Phenytoin

Congenital Rubella Signs

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Remember:

“That deaf and dumb cat ate my blueberry muffin and stepped on my PDA”

~Deaf...Deafness

~Dumb….Mental Retardation

~Cat.…..Cataracts

~Blueberry Muffin…type of skin lesion seen

~PDA……..Patent Ductus Arteriosus

 


OR

Rubber Ducky, I’m so blue!= Congenital signs of Rubella (German Measles)
Rubber= Rubella
Ducky = Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Deafness
I’m = Eyes (cataracts, retinopathy, micropthalmia, glaucoma)
So = Slow or growth and developmental retardation
Blue = Blueberry Muffin” purpura on skin

German measles is also called Rubella.  If a mom contract this during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, then the child can be born with congential rubella syndrome (CRS) which can be serious and devastating.  Miscarriage results in up to 20% of cases.  The Rubber Ducky I’m So Blue rhyme can help point out significant symptoms in neonates born with CRS.

 

Also See The Video for Another Mnemonic:

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