Category Archives: Fundamentals of Nursing

Vital Signs Skills Assessment





Vital Signs are another skills assessment that we have to do in nursing school soon. The following links are to videos from ATI that explain each procedure on obtaining vital signs:



Radial Pulse


  • Normal: 60 – 100
  • Bradycardia: < 60 (Can be a result of Hyperkalemia, as well as other conditions)
  • Tachycardia: > 100 (Can be a result of CHF, Dehydration, etc.)
  • Pulse Strength:
    • Bounding = 4 +
    • Full or Strong = 3 +
    • Normal and Expected = 2 +
    • Diminished or Barely Palpable = 1 +
    • Absent = 0

Documentation Example

  • Radial pulse 72, 2 + and regular


Apical Pulse (Also see the other post here with an excellent video)


  • S1: Tricuspid and Mitral Valves close. End of ventricular filling. Low pitched and dull sound: “Lub”
  • S2: Pulmonic and Aortic Valves close. End of systolic contraction. Higher pitched and shorter sound: “Dub”

Documentation Example

  • Apical pulse 72; S1, S2 clear without rubs or murmurs noted.

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Female Foley Catheter Insertion


This is a great video explaining the female Foley catheter insertion procedure for nursing students. In addition to the following video, ATI has another video explaining the procedure:  

Female Catheter Insertion

Documentation Example for Male or Female Indwelling Catheter w/Specimen Collection

  • Indwelling catheter inserted x 1 attempt using sterile technique and #16 Fr catheter. 5 mL balloon inflated with 10 mL of sterile H2O. 200 cc’s of clear, yellow urine returned upon insertion of catheter into bladder. UA C & S specimen obtained via sampling port using aseptic technique per M.D. order. Client tolerated procedure well without C/O pain or discomfort. NADN. Specimen sent to lab.

Fundamentals of Nursing ~ Discussion


As everyone knows, I am posting all of my notes from nursing school on my website. This allows me to take my notes with me everywhere I go, without the hassle of toting all those papers. It also saves me a heap of paper and ink. I do not have to print everything in order to study them. Hopefully, my notes can help someone else along their own nursing school journey.

Hypodermoclysis and Subcutaneous Infusion Therapy


This is a new concept to me, as a nurse. I had heard about this about 6 months ago for the 1st time. Someone at work was talking about it. It is hard to believe that it has been around much longer than this, and I am just now getting familiar with it. I found a couple of videos on YouTube that explains how to start a Subcutaneous Infusion Therapy. This is a pretty cool thing that is available, especially for elderly patients.